Achilles Tendon Conditions
When there is an acute or new injury to a portion of the tendon and it becomes inflamed, this is called Achilles tendonitis (-itis = inflammation). In this acute state of injury, the swelling of the tendon is not visible.
Chronic Achilles Tendinosis
When conservative treatments for Achilles tendonitis fail or when, all too often, people wait too long before seeking treatment, Achilles tendonitis can transition into a chronic state called Achilles Tendinosis where a thickening and swelling of the tendon can be visible.
Achilles Tendon Rupture
The Achilles tendon is a strong, thick, and important structure that functions to bring the ankle and foot downwards and propel the body forward in gait. Thousands of fibrous bands of tissue bind together to form the dense Achilles. The calf muscle (gastrocnemius) becomes the Achilles tendon about midway in the lower leg. The tendon travels down the back of the leg, crosses the ankle, and attaches to the top and back of the heel bone (calcaneus). The Achilles tendon acts as a “rubber band” that stretches back and forth with each step.
If there is a force too strong for the tendon to handle the tendon can tear or rupture.